Attractions in Uganda – National Parks

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a protected area located in southwestern Uganda, on the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was established in 1991 and covers an area of 331 square kilometers. The park is known for its population of endangered mountain gorillas, which is estimated to be around 400 individuals, roughly half of the world’s remaining population.

In addition to gorillas, the park is home to over 120 mammal species, including several primates such as chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, and baboons. It also harbors over 350 bird species, making it a popular destination for bird watchers. The park’s diverse flora, with over 1,000 plant species, includes many endemic and endangered species. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park offers a unique and unforgettable experience of gorilla trekking, which allows visitors to hike through the thick forest to observe the gorillas in their natural habitat. Gorilla trekking is strictly regulated to minimize the disturbance to the gorillas and to ensure the safety of both visitors and the gorillas. Visitors are accompanied by experienced guides and trackers who provide information about the gorillas and their behavior.

Apart from gorilla trekking, the park also offers other activities such as forest walks, bird watching, and cultural visits to nearby communities. The Batwa people, who were the original inhabitants of the forest, offer cultural performances that showcase their traditional hunting and gathering practices. Overall, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a unique and precious conservation area that offers an unforgettable experience for visitors while contributing to the conservation of the endangered mountain gorillas and their habitat.

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, located between 2,227m and 4,127m high in the clouds, was established to protect the endangered mountain gorillas and the threatened golden monkey that live in its dense forests. Apart from wildlife, the park also holds significant cultural value, especially for the indigenous Batwa pygmies who are the forest’s original inhabitants. Mgahinga consists of three conical extinct volcanoes that are part of the stunning Virunga Range stretching through Uganda, Congo, and Rwanda. The park is a component of the larger Virunga Conservation Area, including adjoining parks in these three countries. The slopes of the volcanoes host diverse ecosystems, and their peaks offer a breathtaking backdrop to the stunning scenery.

Located in the western region of Uganda, close to the Uganda-Congo border, the Rwenzori Mountains, also called the Mountains of the Moon, are an enchanting sight. The lower slopes are covered with lush montane forests, bamboo, and moorlands, while the equatorial snow peaks contain the third-highest point in Africa. The mountainside is draped in giant lobelias, colorful mosses, and “everlasting flowers,” creating a picturesque and fairy-tale scene.

The Rwenzori Mountains National Park safeguards the highest parts of the Rwenzori mountain range, which spans 120 kilometers long and 65 kilometers wide. The park is a sanctuary to over 70 mammals, 217 bird species, and 19 Albertine Rift endemics, as well as some of the rarest vegetation globally. Renowned as a hiking and mountaineering paradise, the Rwenzori Mountains offer a thrilling nine- to twelve-day trek to the summit of Margherita, the highest peak. Shorter, non-technical treks are also possible, leading to the surrounding peaks. For those looking for less physically demanding activities, the neighboring Bakonzo villages offer nature walks, homestead visits, cultural performances, and local cuisine.

Kibale National Park is a protected area located in western Uganda, covering an area of about 795 square kilometers. It is situated between 1,100 and 1,600 meters above sea level and consists of tropical rainforest, savanna, and swamp. The park is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including over 350 species of birds, 13 species of primates, and many other mammals.

The park is perhaps best known for its chimpanzee population, which is estimated to number over 1,500 individuals. Visitors to Kibale National Park can take guided treks through the forest to observe the chimpanzees in their natural habitat. Other primates that can be spotted in the park include the black-and-white colobus, red colobus, and blue monkeys. In addition to its primate population, Kibale National Park is also home to a variety of other wildlife, including forest elephants, buffalo, leopards, and a wide range of bird species. The park is a popular destination for birdwatchers, with species such as the great blue turaco and African grey parrot commonly spotted.

Visitors to Kibale National Park can also take part in a variety of other activities, such as guided nature walks, birdwatching, and visits to local communities. The nearby Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary is a popular destination for birdwatching and nature walks, while the nearby Ndali-Kasenda crater lakes offer stunning scenery and opportunities for hiking and fishing.

Murchison Falls National Park is located in northwest Uganda and is one of the country’s most magnificent national parks. The park is home to an array of wildlife, including giraffes, elephants, lions, leopards, hippos, and crocodiles, as well as over 450 bird species. One of the park’s most popular attractions is Murchison Falls itself, where the Nile River forces its way through a narrow gap in the rock, resulting in a powerful waterfall that drops over 140 feet (43 meters) into the river below.

Visitors can view the falls from a variety of vantage points, including a boat ride on the Nile, hiking trails, and viewpoints at the top of the falls. In addition to the falls, the park offers a variety of other activities for visitors, including game drives, birdwatching, nature walks, and chimpanzee tracking in the nearby Budongo Forest Reserve. The park is also home to several lodges and campsites, making it a great destination for both day trips and overnight stays.

Queen Elizabeth National Park is one of the most popular destinations in Uganda for nature and wildlife lovers. Located in the western region of Uganda, this vast park covers an area of 1,978 square kilometers and is home to an incredible variety of wildlife and stunning natural landscapes.

One of the main attractions of the park is the chance to see the famous tree-climbing lions, which are often spotted lounging in the branches of fig trees. The park is also home to elephants, buffalos, hippos, and a large number of antelope species, including the Uganda kob, which is a highlight for many visitors.
The park is situated on the eastern side of the magnificent Rwenzori Mountains, offering breathtaking views of the snow-capped peaks. It also includes a section of the scenic Kazinga Channel, a natural waterway that connects two lakes and is home to one of the largest concentrations of hippos in the world.

For bird enthusiasts, the park boasts over 600 bird species, including the African skimmer, malachite kingfisher, and the African fish eagle. Boat cruises along the Kazinga Channel provide an excellent opportunity to see many of these bird species up close.

Visitors to Queen Elizabeth National Park can take guided nature walks, game drives, boat safaris, and chimpanzee trekking experiences. There are also options for cultural visits to local communities, where visitors can learn about the traditional way of life of the local people and enjoy local cuisine.

Accommodation in and around the park includes lodges, campsites, and guesthouses, catering to a range of budgets and preferences. Whether you are a wildlife enthusiast, a birdwatcher, or just looking to relax in the stunning natural surroundings, Queen Elizabeth National Park has something to offer everyone.


Lake Mburo National Park is a compact gem situated in western Uganda, between the towns of Masaka and Mbarara. It is the smallest national park in Uganda, covering an area of 370 square kilometers, but it is one of the most diverse. The park is dominated by rolling hills and is home to numerous wildlife species, including buffaloes, zebras, impalas, elands, topis, and over 300 bird species.

Lake Mburo, the park’s centerpiece, is a beautiful freshwater lake surrounded by swamps, marshes, and forests. It is home to hippos, crocodiles, and numerous bird species such as the rare shoebill stork. Visitors to the park can enjoy a variety of activities such as game drives, boat trips, nature walks, and horseback safaris. The park’s network of game tracks offers great opportunities for game viewing and bird watching. Boat trips on Lake Mburo provide a unique chance to see crocodiles, hippos, and waterbirds up close. Lake Mburo National Park is also a great destination for hiking and nature walks. The park has several trails that lead through the savannah, forests, and wetlands, offering stunning views of the park’s scenery and wildlife. For those interested in cultural experiences, the park is surrounded by the Ankole tribe, who are known for their traditional cattle keeping and impressive longhorn cattle. Visitors can visit local communities to learn about their way of life, cultural practices, and enjoy traditional music and dance performances.

Accommodation options in the park range from luxury lodges to budget campsites, making it a great destination for all types of travelers. Overall, Lake Mburo National Park offers a unique and diverse safari experience in a compact and easily accessible park.

Kidepo Valley National Park is located in the northeastern part of Uganda, near the borders of Sudan and Kenya. The park covers an area of about 1,442 square kilometers and is one of the most remote parks in Uganda, offering visitors a unique and off-the-beaten-path safari experience. The park is home to over 77 species of mammals, including elephants, lions, cheetahs, leopards, giraffes, zebras, and many more. It also has over 475 bird species, making it a haven for birdwatchers. The park is also known for its scenic beauty, with vast savannah grasslands, rugged mountains, and breathtaking valleys.

Visitors to Kidepo Valley National Park can enjoy a range of activities, including game drives, nature walks, birdwatching, and cultural visits to the nearby Karamojong community. The park’s game drives are particularly impressive, with opportunities to spot lions hunting in the open savannah or elephants bathing in the Narus River.

Accommodation options in Kidepo Valley National Park include lodges and campsites that offer stunning views of the surrounding landscape. The park is accessible by road or air, with flights available from Entebbe International Airport to the park’s airstrip.


Semuliki National Park is located in the western region of the Rwenzori Mountains, covering the valley floor of the Semliki Valley. The park is dominated by the vast Ituri Forest, which is one of the few forests that survived the last iceage between 12 and 18,000 years ago. This makes the forest one of the oldest and most biodiverse in Africa.

The Semliki Valley has elements that are more typical of central Africa than eastern Africa. For example, the area is home to West African oil palms, the Semliki River is a smaller version of the Congo River, and a Batwa pygmy community originated from the Ituri. The park is also home to various Central African wildlife species, giving visitors a taste of Central Africa without leaving Uganda.


Apart from its unique flora and fauna, Semuliki National Park also boasts of geothermal features such as hot springs that have been erupting for millions of years. These hot springs provide a glimpse into the strong underground forces that have shaped the rift valley over the past 14 million years. Semuliki National Park is a great destination for nature lovers and those interested in experiencing the distinct cultures of Central Africa. With its diverse wildlife and unique geothermal features, it offers an unforgettable experience that visitors will cherish for years to come.

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